Gustave Caillebotte was born on August 19, 1848. He inherited a fortune after his father's death, which funded his patronage of the arts. Also, in 1874 he attended the École des Beaux-Arts where he met impressionist painters Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, and Pierre Auguste Renoir.
His painting style appears to belong to the school of realism, although he helped organize the first impressionist exhibition and enthusiastically collected impressionist works.
Caillebotte's painting themes were mainly catholic. For example, he painted portraits and interior scenes, still lifes, landscapes and seascapes. He often chose an overhead vantage point for his compositions and depicted elegantly dressed figures strolling with the expressionless look of sleep walkers.
For many years, Caillebotte's reputation as a painter was overruled by his reputation as a supporter of the arts. However, 70 years after his death, art historians reevaluated his artistic contributions.
Gustave Caillebotte died on February 21, 1894 of pulmonary congestion and was interred in the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris, France. Just two years before he died, he married Emilie Schlauch.
In his will, Caillebotte donated his entire collection to the French government. You can currently visit 40 of his works in the Musee d'Orsay.