Kasimir Malevich

Kasimir Malevich

Style: Futurism, Cubism

Lived: February 23, 1878 - May 15, 1935 (19th - 20th century)

Nationality: Russia

Kazimir Malevich was born in Kiev on February 11, 1878. In 1896, the family moved to Kursk, where his father began to work in a railroad management office. Among his father’s colleagues, there were a couple of amateur painters. Malevich made friends with them and they organized a small art circle, with two professional artists joining in eventually. Malevich painted in an Impressionist style. To earn money for a Moscow education, he began working as a draftsman in the same office as his father.

In the autumn of 1904, Kazimir visited Moscow for the first time. His aim was to enter the Moscow College of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture but he was never admitted. In spring, he returned to Kursk, where he continued to work. Next autumn, he returned to Moscow, where he studied religious icons with great interest

From 1906, he studied in the studio of F. I. Rerberg, who prepared his students for the entry exams into the Moscow College. In 1907, he exhibited two sketches at the Exhibition of the Moscow Community of Painters.

In 1909, he met Sophia Mikhailovna Rafalovich and married her.

In 1911 he met Mikhail Matyushin, they would become life-long friends. Towards the end of the year, he took part in the fifth exhibition of the Union of Youth, in St. Petersburg. He would become a member of the Union of Youth in 1912.

In early 1913, he started to become interested in cubo-futurism. Influenced by Larionov's interpretation of futurism he created a number of works that included shapes that appeared to be covered in metal.

In July 1913, Matyushin invited Malevich and the writers Velemir Khlebnikov and Alexander Kruchenikh to create an opera. The result of their mutual efforts was the opera 'Victory over the Sun'. Malevich was responsible for the stage decorations and costumes. These works marked the beginning of his Suprematist period. During this time Malevich, Matyushin and Kruchenikh would publish the 'Futurist Manifesto', where they called for the destruction of the concept of a pure Russian language, of outdated methods of thinking based on causal laws.

That same year, Malevich participated in the 7th and last exhibition organized by the Union of Youth, where he exhibited works in the abstruse realist and cubo-futurist styles. In February 1914, he would quit the Union of Youth.

In the March of 1914, by invitation of N. K. Kulbin, he exhibited three of his works at the Salon des Independents in Paris.

Malevich died of cancer in Leningrad on May 15, 1935.

copyright 2014 - artinthepicture.com

website by brunodillen.com

design by 10000spoons.be