Wassily Kandinsky

Wassily Kandinsky

Style: Expressionism, Constructivism

Lived: December 4, 1866 - December 13, 1944 (19th - 20th century)

Nationality: Russia

INTRODUCTION

Wassily Kandinsky was a painter and art-theorist originating from Russia. Kandinsky is considered to be one of the most important and influential artists in 20th century art. Together with Pablo Picasso and Henri Matisse, Kandinsky defined the start of abstract art.


KANDINSKY'S YOUTH

Wassily Kandinsky was born on December 4, 1866 in Moscow (Russia). Kandinsky grew up in a prosperous, cultured family where he, amongst other things, learned how to play the piano and the cello. When Kandinsky turned 20, in 1886, he went to study Law and Economics at Moskow University, where he even lectured after graduation. In 1896 Kandinsky left for Munich to study art.


GERMANY AND RUSSIA

Kandinsky first exhibited his works with the Berlin Secession. He then started travelling to Italy, the Netherlands, North Africa, Russia and France. In 1911 Kandinsky started, together with his friend Franz Marc, the art group 'Der Blaue Reiter'.

With the beginning of World War I, Kandinsky returned to Russia, where he became a teacher. He also married his wife, Nina de Andrejevski, who was only 16 years old at the time. After the war Kandinsky returned to Germany and became professor at the 'Bauhaus of Weimar'. This is when the most productive period of Kandinsky started. In 1924 he started another art group, called 'Die Blauen Vier'.

Kandinsky was well respected in German art circles and he received the German nationality in 1928. The happiness didn't last, because he was forced to leave Germany in 1933 when the Gestapo closed his Bauhaus.


FRANCE

When Kandinsky was forced to leave Germany, he decided to move to France. Kandinsky landed in Paris where he settled with his wife Nina. In 1944 Kandinsky painted his last work, 'Tempered Úlan'. December 13, 1944 at age 78 Kandinsky died. His wife who was 34 years younger than him, lived for another 40 years.

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