What is Cubism
Cubism is an art movement in the 20th century that completely changed European painting. Instead of viewing and displaying subjects from one fixed angle, Cubism breaks the subject up into a multiplicity of facets. This way several different aspects/faces of the subject can be displayed simultaneously. Cubism presented a new reality in painting.
Inspired by Paul C?zanne and Georges Seurat, Cubism found its roots in the collaboration between Pablo Picasso (Spain) and Georges Braque (France) between 1907 and 1914. The Cubist movement itself was not very long-lived or widespread, but it did have a massive influence on latter 20th century art movements such as precisionism, futurism and to some degree also expressionism.
The period from 1910 to 1912 often is referred to as that of Analytical Cubism. In an analytical cubist painting, the object was "taken apart" and reshaped with the use of flat intersecting planes. Paintings frequently combine representational motifs with letters, the latter emphasizing the painter's concern with abstraction.
During World War I (1914-1918), Picasso and Braque's collaboration ended. Despite this a core group of Cubist artists remained active till the 1920's.
A special type of Cubism is orphic cubism or orphism. Orphism aimed to gradually dispense with recognisable subject matter and to rely on form and colour alone to communicate meaning. The movement also aimed to express the ideals of Simultanism-the existence of an infinitude of interrelated states of being. Its main representative is Robert Delaunay