What is The Style
The Style (Dutch: De Stijl), also known as neoplasticism, was an art movement of the 1920's which sought to express a new Utopian ideal of spiritual harmony and order. This pure abstraction and universality was reached by reducing art to the bare essentials: form and colour and even more precise the vertical and the horizontal directions and the primary colors of red, blue and yellow along with black and white.
Piet Mondriaan (Dutch, 1872-1944), the group's most renowned artist, published a manifesto titled Neo-Plasticism in 1920. Painter Theo van Doesburg (Dutch, 1883-1931) published a journal named De Stijl from 1917 to 1928, spreading the theories of the group, which also included the painter George Vantongerloo (Belgian, 1886-1965) and the architects J.J.P. Oud (Dutch, 1890-1963) and Gerrit Rietveld (Dutch, 1888-1965).
In many of the works under this movement, the vertical and the horizontal lines tend to slide past each other and do not intersect- for example some of Mondriaan's paintings, Rietveld's Schr?der house and the Red and blue chair.
The work of De Stijl exerted tremendous influence on the Bauhaus and the International style as well as clothing and interior design.